Lesson 1: History of the Internet
Aim: How can we better understand the history behind the internet ?
- Understand the technology behind the internet.
- Research the history the internet.
- What is the internet ?
- What type of protocol does the internet use ?
- How did the internet begin ?
- What does the internet serve as today?
- Who owns the internet?
- What is some examples of statics websites ?
- What is the difference between internet and WWW ?
- What enables the internet to function ?
- What is a massive hypermedia database ?
- What are some the current browser that we use to access the internet?
WHAT IS THE INTERNET ?
The Internet is a worldwide system of interconnected computer networks that use the TCP/IP set of network protocols to reach billions of users. The Internet began as a U.S Department of Defense network to link scientists and university professors around the world.
A network of networks, today, the Internet serves as a global data communications system that links millions of private, public, academic and business networks via an international telecommunications backbone that consists of various electronic and optical networking technologies.
Decentralized by design, no one owns the Internet and it has no central governing authority. As a creation of the Defense Department for sharing research data, this lack of centralization was intentional to make it less vulnerable to wartime or terrorist attacks.
The terms “Internet” and “World Wide Web” are often used interchangeably; however, the Internet and World Wide Web are not one and the same.
The Internet is a vast hardware and software infrastructure that enables computer interconnectivity. The Web, on the other hand, is a massive hypermedia database – a myriad collection of documents and other resources interconnected by hyperlinks. Imagine the World Wide Web as the platform which allows one to navigate the Internet with the use of a browser such as Google Chrome or Mozilla Firefox.
Group Internet History Research Presentation
In your group research the following internet history dates on the timeline.
Create a 3 min presentation of the events that happen to lead up to the creation of the modern day internet.
(Cite your sources in your powerpoint.)
1957 – USSR launches Sputnik into space. In response, the USA creates the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) with the mission of becoming the leading force in science and new technologies.
1962 – J.C.R. Licklider of MIT proposes the concept of a “Galactic Network.” For the first time ideas about a global network of computers are introduced. J.C.R. Licklider is later chosen to head ARPA’s research efforts.
1962 – Paul Baran, a member of the RAND Corporation, determines a way for the Air Force to control bombers and missiles in case of a nuclear event. His results call for a decentralized network comprised of packet switches.
1972 – Ray Tomlinson working for BBN creates the first program devoted to email.
1972 – ARPA officially changes its name to DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.
1972 – Network Control Protocol is introduced to allow computers running on the same network to communicate with each other.
1973 – Vinton Cerf working from Stanford and Bob Kahn from DARPA begin work developing TCP/IP to allow computers on different networks to communicate with each other.
1976 – AT& T Bell Labs develops UUCP and UNIX.
1979 – USENET, the first news group network is developed by Tom Truscott, Jim Ellis and Steve Bellovin.
1979 – IBM introduces BITNET to work on emails and listserv systems.
1981 – The National Science Foundation releases CSNET 56 to allow computers to network without being connected to the government networks.
1983 – TCP/IP becomes the standard for internet protocol.
1983 – Domain Name System introduced to allow domain names to automatically be assigned an IP number.
1984 – MCI creates T1 lines to allow for faster transportation of information over the internet.
1984- The number of Hosts breaks 1,000
1994 – First internet ordering system created by Pizza Hut.
1994 – First internet bank opened: First Virtual.
1995 – NSF contracts out their access to four internet providers.
1995 – NSF sells domains for a $50 annual fee.
1996- The WWW browser wars are waged mainly between Microsoft and Netscape. New versions are released quarterly with the aid of internet users eager to test new (beta) versions.
1996 – Internet2 project is initiated by 34 universities
1996 – Internet Service Providers begin appearing such as Sprint and MCI.
1996 – Nokia releases first cell phone with internet access.
How can we create a HTML & CSS static website ?